While seemingly part of a typical science fiction plot, mitochondrial replacement has been present in the world of science for over two decades. However, it was not until 2008 that researchers at Newcastle University, in the UK, reported that they had successfully used this technique in very early human embryos (Hayden, 2008). Researchers at the Oregon Science and Health University continued researching mitochondrial replacement, and, in 2009, they successfully replicated the results using a different technique and an animal model (Tachibana, 2009). The results of these studies continue to be astonishing. As of late, no noticeable mutations have been witnessed and there are currently no differences that have been observed when compared to the experimental control groups (Tachibana, 2013).
Read through the next sections to understand the basic techniques used in the two types of mitochondrial replacement.
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